Propiedades psicométricas PSQ-OP y PSQ-ORG en Puerto Rico

Alexander Delgado Ramos, Abner Vélez Vega

Resumen


Antecedentes: Existen varios factores relacionados con el estrés en los agentes de policía. La organización juega un gran papel en como los agentes de policía experimenta una sobrecarga de trabajo y existe una estrecha relación entre el estrés operativo, en los asuntos personales y laborales. Objetivos: Este trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar las propiedades psicométricas los cuestionarios PSQ-OP y PSQ-ORG versión adaptada al español. Método: Estudio cuantitativo de diseño tipo transversal e instrumental en una muestra de 200 policías municipales de Puerto Rico y a través un análisis factorial y verificar la estructura factorial de los cuestionarios y los indicadores de confiabilidad y validez. Resultados: El análisis factorial confirmatorio con ecuaciones estructurales mostró indicadores adecuados de validez y confiabilidad tanto en el cuestionario PSQ-OP como en el PSQ-ORG versión adaptada al español con una estructura de un solo factor similar al cuestionario original versión inglés. Conclusión: Este estudio proporciona un instrumento a los profesionales estudien el estrés operacional y organizacional en los policías y les permite aportar nuevos estudios y literatura en Puerto Rico.


Palabras clave


análisis factor confirmatorio; estrés operacional; estrés organizacional; policías; psicometría

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referencias


Acquadro Maran, D., Zedda, M., & Varetto, A. (2018). Organizational and occupational stressors, their consequences and coping strategies: A Questionnaire survey among Italian patrol police officers. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(1), 166. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010166

Agnew, R. (1992). Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency. Criminology, 30, 47–87. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.1992.tb01093.x

Archibald, P. C., & Akers, T. A. (2018). Development of the behavioural-biomedical law enforcement stress discordance model (b2lesd): An epidemiological criminology framework. Journal of Community Safety & Well-Being, 3(3), 68-83. https://doi.org/10.35502/jcswb.84

Basinska, B. A., Wiciak, I. & Dåderman, A. M. (2014). Fatigue and burnout in police officers: the mediating role of emotions, Policing: An International Journal, 37(3), 665-680. https://doi.org/10.1108/PIJPSM-10-2013-0105

Bergström, G., Lohela-Karlsson, M., Kwak, L., Bodin, L., Jensen, I., Torgén, M., & Nybergh, L. (2017). Preventing sickness absenteeism among employees with common mental disorders or stress-related symptoms at work: Design of a cluster randomized controlled trial of a problem-solving based intervention versus care-as-usual conducted at the Occupational Health Services. BMC Public Health, 17, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4329-1

Brown, T. A., (2015). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research (2nd ed.). The Guilford Press.

Brunner, M., & Süb, H. (2005). Analyzing the reliability of multidimensional measures: An example from intelligence research. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 65(2), 227-240. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0013164404268669

Byrne, B. M. (2016). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Structural equation modeling (3rd ed.). Routledge.

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., Nachreiner, F., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2001). The job demands resources model of burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 499–512. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.86.3.499

Field, A. (2018). Bundle:Field: Discovering statistics using IBM Spss statistics (5 th ed). Sage.

Forero, C.G., Maydeu-Olivares, A., Gallardo-Pujol, D. (2009). Factor analysis with ordinal indicators: A monte carlo study comparing DWLS and ULS estimation, Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 16(4), 625-641. https://doi: 10.1080/10705510903203573

Fornell, C., & Larker, D.F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.2307/3151312

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2014). Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). Pearson Education.

Hernández-Sampieri, R., Fernández-Collado, C. & Baptista Lucio, P. (2014). Metodología de la investigación. Sexta Edición. McGraw-Hill

Hickman, M. J., Fricas, J., Strom, K. J., & Pope, M. W. (2011). Mapping police stress. Police Quarterly, 14(3), 227–250. https://doi.org/10.1177/1098611111413991

Irniza, R., Emilia, Z. A., Muhammad Saliluddin, S., & Nizam Isha, A. S. (2014). A psychometric properties of the malay-version police stress questionnaire. The Malaysian journal of medical sciences:MJMS, 21(4), 42–50. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25977621

Juczyński, Z. & Ogińska-Bulik, N. (2021). Ruminations and occupational stress as predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder and burnout among police officers. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2021.1907986

Koch, S. J., Klumpers, F., Zhang, W., Hashemi, M. M., Kaldewaij, R., van Ast, V. A., Smit, A. S., & Roelofs, K. (2017). The role of automatic defensive responses in the development of post-traumatic stress symptoms in police recruits: protocol of a prospective study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 8(1), 1412226. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2017.1412226

Kline, R. B. (2016). Methodology in the social sciences. Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (4th ed.). Guilford Press

Louw, G.J., & Viviers, A. (2010). An evaluation of a psychosocial stress and coping model in the police work context. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde, 36(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip v36i1.442

Lucas, T., Weidner, N., & Janisse, J. (2012). Where does work stress come from? A generalizability analysis of stress in police officers. Psychology & Health, 27(12), 1426- 1447. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2012.687738

Sagar, M. H., Karim, A. K. M. R., & Nigar, N. (2014). Factor structure for organizational police stress questionnaire (PSQ-Org) in Bangladeshi culture, Universal Journal of Psychology, 2(9), 265-272. https://doi:org/ 10.13189/ujp.2014.020901.

Malhotra, N. K., & Dash, S. (2011). Marketing research an applied orientation. Pearson Publishing.

Maran, D. A., Varetto, A., Zedda, M., & Ieraci, V. (2015). Occupational stress, anxiety and coping strategies in police officers. Occupational Medicine, 65(6), 466-473. https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqv060

McCutcheon, M. (2018). Emotional intelligence and organizational stress of police officers. InSight: Rivier Academic Journal, 14(1). Retrieved from https://www2.rivier.edu/journal/ROAJ-Fall-2018/J1056_McCutcheon.pdf

McCreary, D. R., & Thompson, M. M. (2006). Development of Two Reliable and Valid Measures of Stressors in Policing: The Operational and Organizational Police Stress Questionnaires. International Journal of Stress Management, 13(4), 494-518. https://doi.org/10.1037/1072-5245.13.4.494

McCreary, D. R., Fong, I. & Groll, D. L. (2017) Measuring policing stress meaningfully: establishing norms and cut-off values for the Operational and Organizational Police Stress Questionnaires, Police Practice and Research, 18(6), 612-623. https://dio.org/10.1080/15614263.2017.1363965

Montero, I., & León, O. G. (2007). A guide for naming research studies in psychology. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 7(3), 847-862

Pastwa-Wojciechowska, B., & Piotrowski, A. (2016). Sources, consequences and methods of coping with stress in police officers. Journal of Alcohol & Drug Dependence, 4(244), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-6488.1000244

Purba, A., & Demou, E. (2019). The relationship between organisational stressors and mental well-being within police officers: a systematic review. BMC public health, 19(1), 1286. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7609-0

Queirós, C., Passos, F., Bártolo, A., Marques, A. J., da Silva, C. F., & Pereira, A. (2020). Burnout and stress measurement in police officers: Literature review and a study with the operational police stress questionnaire. Frontiers in Psychology 11:587. https://doi.org/ 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00587

Rasdi, I. & Saliluddin, S. (2018). Introduction to customized occupational safety and health website and its effectiveness in improving psychosocial safety climate (PSC) among police officers. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 14. 67-73. Retrieved from https://medic.upm.edu.my/upload/dokumen/2018062612004608_MJMHS_Vol14_No2_25June2018.pdf

Ragesh, G., Tharayil, H., T. P, Meharoof, R. T. P. Philip, M. & Hamza, Ameer. (2017). Occupational stress among police personnel in India. Open Journal of Psychiatry & Allied Science, 8. https://doi.org/10.5958/2394-2061.2017.00012.X

Richaud de Minzi, M. C. (2008). Nuevas tendencias en psicometría. Revista Evaluar, 8(1), 01–19. https://doi.org/10.35670/1667-4545.v8.n1.501

Shapiro, S. S., & Wilk, M. B. (1965). An analysis of variance test for normality (complete samples), Biometrika, 52(3/4), 591-611. https://doi.org/10.2307/2333709

Shi, D., Maydeu-Olivares, A., & Rosseel, Y. (2019): Assessing fit in ordinal factor analysis models: SRMR vs. RMSEA, Structural equation modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, https://doi.org/10.1080/10705511.2019.1611434

Talavera-Velasco, B., Luceño-Moreno, L., Martín-García, J., & García-Albuerne, Y. (2018). Psychosocial risk factors, burnout and hardy personality as variables associated with mental health in police officers. Frontiers in Psychology, 9:1478. https://doi.org/ 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01478

Violanti, J. Fekedulegn, D., Hartley, T., Andrew, M., Charles, L.,Tinney-Zara, C., Burchfiel, C. (2015). Police work absence: An analysis of stress and resiliency. Journal of law enforcement leadership and ethics, 1. 49-67. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4689144

Wani, M. (2014). Occupational stress among police persons in Jammu and Kashmir. International Journal of Social Science and Language, 3(1), 9-14. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/16883528/Occupational_stress_among_police_persons_in_Jammu_and_Kashmir

Wirth, M. D., Andrew, M. E., Burchfiel, C. M., Burch, J. B., Fekedulegn, D., Hartley, T. A., Charles, L. E., & Violanti, J. M. (2017). Association of shiftwork and immune cells among police officers from the buffalo cardio-metabolic occupational police stress study. Chronobiology international, 34(6), 721–731. https://doi.org/10.1080/07420528.2017.1316732


Enlaces de Referencia

  • Por el momento, no existen enlaces de referencia


Licencia Creative Commons
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.