ΦΙΛ- NAMES AS CHARACTER DISPOSITION

Carolina Araújo

Resumen


The ancient Greek language was once alive, with a creative use of terms and the free formation of neologisms. Since Mycenaean times, the prefix φιλ- was employed to generate new words: proper and common names, adjectives and verbs, such as Philip, philanthropy, philharmonic and philosophize. This article begins by outlining the contemporary debate on these words, which locates Plato as a game changer in the development of their meaning. Next, it briefly addresses the so-called platonic love according to the alleged linguistic transposition it would have operated in the sense of the prefix φιλ-. The third section focuses on Plato’s account of the use and the formation of names in φιλ in the Republic and concludes that it is compatible with their traditional meaning. I show that these terms are neither norm-policing names referring to “wannabes”, nor do they designate a nostalgia towards an unreachable object. I conclude that φιλ- names have always denoted a type of obsession, and Plato’s analysis both clarifies their logic and adds a psychological theory to explain their common reference, namely, a specific disposition of character.

Palabras clave


Plato, philia, phil- names, philosophia, disposition.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


ARAÚJO, C., “Eros and communitarianism in Plato's Symposium”. In: BRISSON, L. and RENAUD, O. (eds.) Erotique et Politique chez Platon. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag, 2017, 231-242.

BURKERT, W., “Platon oder Pyhtagoras: zum Ursprung des Wortes ‘Philosophie’”. Hermes, 1960, 88, 159-177.

BURKERT, W., “Platão ou Pitágoras: sobre a origem do termo ‘filosofia’”. Translated by Carolina Araújo. Kleos, 2014, 18, 109-138.

CALAME, C., Eros na Grécia Antiga. Tradução de Isa Etel Kopelman. São Paulo: Perspectiva, 2013.

DENNISTON, J. D., Greek Particles. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1954.

HALPERIN, D. M. “Platonic Eros and what men call love”. Ancient philosophy, 1985. 5: 161-204.

KAHN, C., “Plato’s Theory of Desire”. Review of Metaphysics, 1987. 41: 77-103.

KONSTAN, D., Friendship in the Classical World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

LANDFESTER, M., Das griechische Nomen “Philos” und seine Ableitunges. Hildesheim: Geog Olms, 1966.

MOORE, C., Calling Philosophers names: on the origin of a discipline. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2020.

NUSSBAUM, M., The Fragility of the Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

SCOTT, D., “Eros, philosophy and tyranny”, 136-153. In: Scott, D. Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in honour of Myles Burnyeat. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.


Enlaces de Referencia

  • Por el momento, no existen enlaces de referencia


Licencia Creative Commons
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.